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Reference Library: The Day John Died

From: kgmcgui1@prairienet.org (Kevin G. McGuire)
Date: 25 Jan 1995 18:47:34 GMT
And From: infinit@umd.umich.edu (Raenna Peiss)
Date: 5 Sep 1995 20:03:30 GMT
Subject: Ex-Beatle Lennon Slain
Newsgroups: rec.music.beatles

These are three newspaper articles, covering the assasination of John Lennon.

*********************

[from Chicago Tribune, Tuesday, December 9, 1980]

EX-BEATLE LENNON SLAIN

NEW YORK--John Lennon, the driving force behind the legendary Beatles rock group, was shot to death late Monday as he entered his luxury apartment building on Manhattan's Upper West Side.

Lennon, 40, one of the most prolific songwriters of the century, was rushed in a police car to St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, where he died shortly after arrival.

Police said Lennon was shot outside the Dakota, the century-old apartment house where he and his wife, Yoko Ono, lived across the street from Central Park.

New York Chief of Detectives James D. Sullivan identified the alleged assailant as Mark David Chapman, 25, of 55 S. Kukui St., Hawaii.

Sullivan said Chapman arrived in New York City about a week ago and stayed at several YMCAs before checking into the Sheraton Center Hotel in midtown Manhattan. Chapman was seen at the Dakota on Saturday and Sunday, asking about Lennon, Sullivan said. Chapman was there again Monday afternoon when Lennon and Ono left their apartment about 5 p.m. to go to a recording session, Sullivan said. Chapman stopped Lennon and got an autograph on a record album, the chief said.

When Lennon and Ono returned shortly before 11 p.m. New York time, they left their limousine at the curb and walked up the driveway toward the courtyard. Chapman came up behind them and called out, "Mr. Lennon," Sullivan said.

As Lennon started to turn, Chapman went into a combat stance, and emptied a Charter Arms .38 revolver, which contained five bullets, Sullivan said.

Lennon staggered up six steps into the vestibule and said, "I'm shot," before collapsing on the floor, Sullivan said.

Chapman was standing there when policemen arrived, Sullivan said. He had dropped the gun, and an elevator man had recovered it, Sullivan said.

Sullivan said that Chapman had bought the gun in Hawaii and the detective didn't know how he got it to New York. Chapman has given no motive, according to Sullivan, who refused to say whether he had confessed.

Chapman was charged with homicide and is to be arraigned Tuesday morning.

[This story was compiled from reports filed by three Tribune reporters--Michael Coakley, Carol Oppenheim, and Barbara Brotman--who rushed to the scene of the slaying of former Beatle John Lennon, to the hospital, and to New York police headquarters immediately after the shooting. It was written by Sallie Gaines.]

*********************

[From the Detroit Free Press, Tuesday, Dec. 9, 1980]

BEATLE JOHN LENNON SHOT TO DEATH SUSPECT NABBED ON N.Y. STREET

From UPI and AP

NEW YORK - Former Beatle John Lennon, who with the long-haired British rock group was catapulted to stardom in the 1960s, was shot to death late Monday outside his luxury apartment building on Manhattan's upper west side, police said. A police spokesman said a suspect was in custody, but he had no other details of the shooting.

"This was no robbery," the spokesman said, adding that Lennon was probably shot by a deranged person. Lennon, 40, was shot three times, police said, and was taken to Roosevelt Hospital, where he died in surgery. His wife, Yoko Ono, was with him. "There's blood all over the place," a hospital worker said when Lennon was taken into the hospital. "They're working on him like crazy."

Police said the shooting occurred at 11 p.m. outside the Dakota, a giant stone co-operative apartment building across from Central Park. Lennon had an office and a residence in the building. Jack Douglas, Lennon's producer, said he and the Lennons had been at a studio called the Record Plant in mid-town earlier in the evening and Lennon left at 10:30 p.m. Lennon said he was going to get a bite to eat and go home, Douglas said. A bystander, Sean Strub, said he was walking south near 72nd Street when he heard four shots. He said he went around the corner to Central Park West and saw Lennon being put into the back of a police car.

"Some people...heard six shots and said John was hit twice," Strub said. He said others on the street told him the assailant had been "crouching in the archway of the Dakota...Lennon arrived in the company of his wife, and the assailant fired." He said the suspect, a "pudgy kind of man" 35 to 40 years old with brown hair, was put into another police car.

Lennon, who turned 40 on Oct. 9, was responsible for writing many of the songs that launched the Beatles in the early 1960s and changed the course of rock music. In an interview earlier this year - his first major interview in five years - Lennon said he had wanted to leave the Beatles as early as 1966, but did not make the move until four years later because he "just didn't have the guts." After the Beatles broke up in 1970, Lennon continued writing songs and recording. But in 1975 he dropped out for five years, saying he wanted to be with his son, Sean, and his wife. It was not until last summer that he returned to music, and his 14- song album, "Double Fantasy," was released last month. The album, which includes songs by Ono, is based on Lennon's experiences over the five years, during which he kept house, cooked and cared for their son. Lennon, who became one of the most famous musicians in the history of rock 'n' roll while he was with the Beatles, made his last Beatle album, "Abbey Road," in 1969. He was the most irreverent member of the band, which also included bassist Paul McCartney, guitarist George Harrison and drummer Ringo Starr. Lennon was born Oct. 9, 1940, in England's northern industrial seaport of Liverpool, the son of a porter father who deserted the family when John was three. When his father surfaced once Lennon reached stardom, Lennon slammed the door in his face. He later recalled, "I don't feel as if I owe him anything. He never helped me. I got there by myself." Lennon attended secondary school in Liverpool, then went on to Liverpool College of Art, where he married a classmate, Cynthia Powell.

They were later divorced, and in 1969 Lennon married Ono, a Japanese-American artist, who was pregnant. Lennon later said, "We went to Paris on our honeymoon, then interrupted our honeymoon to get married on the Rock of Gibralter." The seed for the Beatles band dates back to 1955 when Lennon met McCartney at a Liverpool, England church social. The two started performing as a duo, called the Quarrymen, and were joined three years later by Harrison. Starr did not come into the band until 1962 - a year before the Beatles hit the top of the charts in Britain with "Please Please Me." "Beatlemania" did not cross the ocean to the United States until 1964, when "I Want To Hold Your Hand" was released and the late Ed Sullivan invited the Beatles to appear on his weekly television show. "Meet The Beatles" became the best selling record album in history to that date.

The British invasion had begun, and in August 1964, a Beatles film, "Hard Day's Night," opened to extraordinary critical and popular acclaim. Albums to follow included "Rubber Soul," "Revolver," "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band," "The Beatles (white album)" and "Abbey Road." The collaboration ended abruptly when the group disbanded in 1970 amid talk of falling out between Lennon and McCartney in addition to recriminations against the management of their recording company. Some critics blamed Lennon's 1969 marriage to Ono for the breakup of the Beatles after she was denied a "fifth Beatle" status. But Lennon denied it. Lennon, who released a dozen solo albums after the Beatles breakup, said he was most affected by early rock 'n' roll, blues music and Elvis Presley.

In the near-decade of their collaboration, the group sold more than 250 million records.

*********************

[From the Detroit Free Press, Tuesday, Dec. 9, 1980]

LENNON: A BRILLIANT MADMAN
by Joe Urschel

The Beatles were really the creative marriage of two men: Paul McCartney and John Lennon. McCartney was the softener, the musician, the pop-brain who understood the musical marketplace. Lennon was McCartney's manic alter ego - the cynical wit, the brillant madman. After the break-up of the band 10 years ago, McCartney became just another pop musician. Lennon became an eccentric recluse, married to an equally enigmatic Japanese-American artist, Yoko Ono. He was killed Monday just as he was re-emerging onto the music scene after a five-year silence. He and Ono had just released a collaborative album, "Double Fantasy."

The Beatles came out of the lower middle class in Liverpool, England, during a period of social confrontation among England's youth. The times produced warring cliques of Mods, foppish intellectual sorts, and Rockers, leather-clad bikers. Lennon was once asked which group the Beatles belonged to. His reply: "Neither, we're mockers." It was his sarcasm and scorn that gave the Beatles their anti- establishment tag. Ringo Starr was the bemused child, George Harrison the lonely introvert and McCartney the shrewd conservative. Lennon's songs, such as "I Am the Lawless," "A Day in the Life" and "Strawberry Fields Forever," were wanderings through existential uninviting worlds. They told of depression, angst and bizarre discovery. He played the inspired crazy jester to the pop-sensibility of McCartney, whose songs were often slick and frothy, such as "Yesterday" and "When I'm 64." When the two worked together, however, legendary music was made.

Lennon led the band members through most of their experiments with the bizarre and metaphysical. His fascination with Eastern religion promoted the Beatles to take up study with the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and helped spur the fascination with Transcendental Meditation in the mid-'70s. Recently, however, Lennon had given up most of his attachments to organizations and religions. Asked recently about Bob Dylan's conversion to Christianity, Lennon replied, "I'm not pushing Buddhism because I'm no more a Buddhist than a Christian. But there's one thing I admire about the religion. There's not proselytizing." Lennon was always willing to poke fun at himself and others. At one of the Beatles early concerts, he instructed those in the "cheap seats" to clap, then added, "The rest of you can rattle your jewelry."


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